How To: Sweater Laundering at Home
For most of the wool, alpaca, cashmere, or wolf hair sweaters that you will encounter in your life, you will find that the care label tells you the following party line “Dry Clean Only”. Well, you can dry clean all these lovely animal fibers, but the truth is that manufacturers usually tell you this because we are terrified that you will shrink the heck out of your sweaters. We are guilty of this too, my friends, but we also want to tell you that when it comes to washing a sweater, you have options that extend beyond a trip to the dry cleaners.
We want you to be able to break free from the chemically laden and fiber damaging process of dry cleaning and keep your beautiful sweaters looking fresh year after year.
Here it goes:
When your sweater gets a spot, you can spot clean with cold water and the tiniest bit of soap. The day will come, however, when your sweater will really need a bath. If you notice any pills on your sweater, you may want to take the time to use a sweater stone or some other pill-removing device before you wash it. Take your beloved sweater to the sink and bring with you some very gentle detergent, like Woolite or our favorite, soap nuts, and two large dry towels (whatever you do, no bleach!!!). Roll up your sleeves and you’re ready!
- Fill your sink with cool or cold water. Once it is filled most of the way, add your sweater to the water and let it really soak up some water. You might need to add more water, but don’t swirl or swish your sweater around, just gently agitate it if you need to.
- Once wet, add a very small amount of detergent (only a few drops!) and gently work the soap into the sweater with your hands. You can gently agitate and squeeze your sweater but don’t move it around too much. The soapy part is where sweaters felt and shrink! Remember, a little detergent goes a long way.
- You’ll see the water get a little dirty and when you’re ready, drain the sink and start to rinse your sweater with the cool water. Rinse it and refill the sink again. Let the sweater float, which helps get the rest of the soap out.
- Once rinsed, drain the sink and gently squeeze any excess water out of the sweater. Only squeeze, don’t wring it out by twisting.
- Once most of the water is out, transfer your sweater to your first towel and lay it out flat. Roll up the towel with the sweater on it as you might roll up a yoga mat then press down. This will get out a lot of water!
- Unroll the first towel and lay the sweater flat on the second towel. Gently reshape the sweater if you need to so that the seams lay straight and the shape is the one you know and love. Let your sweater dry off completely on this towel overnight. You might want to flip it over at some point and move it to a dryer spot on the towel.
- If some aspect of your sweater has dried a little wonky, tight, or wrinkly you can use an iron to steam it back into shape or bust out the wrinkle. Don’t apply too much heat to the sweater, but steam is your friend.
That’s it! Your sweater will feel fresh and clean and won’t be tiny or smell like chemicals. This is a great thing to do with all of your favorite sweaters before you put them away for the summer. When you return to them in the fall they are fresh and clean. Keep your sweater stored in a dry place, with the cedar balls we’ve included to help ward off moths.
Give the Gift of Perfect Fit
If you are like me, at this moment you are finding it incredibly hard to believe that it is December. Not only is it December, the calendar is telling me that there are approximately 1.5 weeks until Christmas day. This is also the point where we will reflect on how this year flew by faster than last… I really do love the holidays but I find myself always wishing for more time to savor this time of year.
Unless you are the picture of preparedness, with all of the gifts you plan to give neatly wrapped and organized, you will appreciate the simplicity of what I am about to suggest. Shopping for most people is challenging. Most of us do not have a specific, perfect item in mind for each person on our list. Despite that, I think that most of us want to give gifts that are useful and desirable for the recipient. This is where Appalatch’s Custom Fit sweater gift card comes in!
We enlisted the help of Quill and Arrow Press to create beautiful letter pressed gift cards that entitle the recipient to a perfect sweater guaranteed to fit their dimensions. We think that giving experiential gifts is a bit more fun because the joy continues beyond the holiday. The custom sweater allows the receiver to own the process of creating their very own sweater; from inputing measurements to choosing the color. The recipient will be able to redeem this gift card to create their new favorite sweater!
What could be better than giving someone a gift specifically made for them? Probably a million dollars…but if that’s not in your budget consider giving the gift of a made-to-measure sweater. Our sweaters are useful, stylish, and made to last for years and years. By taking individuals measurements we are able to knit sweaters that are perfectly tailored to ones body. The sweaters are a classic, crew neck cut and are made of 21.5 micron, Rambouillet wool from Montana. They are made using a process comparable to 3D printing in our office in Asheville, NC.
Sooo, for those stragglers on your list give the gift of perfect fit! Orders placed by December 19th will arrive by December 25th (that’s what USPS says, anyway…)! That is, the gift card will arrive, not the sweater.
Wool Henley x Made in the USA
The Wonders of the Wool Henley
What makes a wool henley so special? Well, our wool henleys have a lot of great qualities, though they are proving remarkably hard to keep in stock! Many associate wool with itchy and uncomfortable sweaters or blankets, but the wool we use to make our wool henley shirts is a totally different story. The width of the individual fibers is so fine (18.5 microns) that there is no itch factor while you wear your henley, just comfort. Another wonderful quality of the wool henley is that it is machine washable without fear of felting. We recommend that (for environmental reasons) you hang dry your clothing, but in case you find yourself in a jam and you need to wear your wool henley right away, you can toss it in the dryer too!
When Should you Wear a Wool Henley?
The wool henley is basically the clothing equivalent of green eggs and ham. The style is an effortless classic that can look completely casual but still a little more dapper than your basic t-shirt. So you can wear it most anywhere! The properties of the fabric we use in the wool henley also make it a functional piece in multiple seasons – wool is thermo regulating. The wool helps to transport moisture and vapor away from the body to help keep you cool, but can also act as a great insulator when paired under a sweater!
You can wear it camping on a mountainside
or on a cross-country car ride.
Wear your wool henley on a hike,
you can even wear it on a bike!
How Appalatch Makes the Wool Henley
In order to make our fantastic wool henley, we have to start with the right wool. We found out about some remarkable sheep living in Montana (and now in other parts of the country too) called “Rambouillet”. They are cousins of the merino sheep you be may be familiar with and have wool that proves to be just as soft. We knew that was the wool we wanted to use for our wool henley shirts, and we loved that it’s domestically grown!
After the wool is cleaned in South Carolina, it’s given to some spinning and knitting experts so that it can be made into top-notch fabric. As it turns out, those experts are also located in North and South Carolina, which means the wool henley does not need to travel far during its creation. Once the fabric is made it’s sent over to our friends at Opportunity Threads in North Carolina. They are a worker-owned sewing cooperative, and we couldn’t be more thrilled to be working with them. They turn the fabric into the amazing wool henley shirts, and this is where you come in! We put them up on the website and sell them directly to you! That way you can get them at a price you can afford, and we can keep true to our domestic supply chain. Then, in the spring, the sheep are sheared again, and the whole process starts over – from the sheep to your front door!
Rambouillet Wool & Sheep
You probably haven’t heard of them, but they are a big deal! Rambouillet sheep are an American breed that is known for incredibly soft wool that rivals the finest sheep wool found abroad. Appalatch uses Rambouillet wool as our fiber of choice because of its American heritage, its softness against the skin (yes, it doesn’t itch!), and the fact that it is a truly sustainable fiber composed mainly of water, sun and grass. We like Rambouillet sheep so much that we’ve adopted one to be our mascot. You’ve probably noticed…
What is the Rambouillet Sheep Breed
The Rambouillet Sheep has such an interesting story! The breed originates from the Spanish Merino stock that were known for producing the finest wool in the world. At that time, the Spanish government banned the export of the breed, but the King of Spain finally granted 359 Rambouillet sheep to be given to France in 1786. The sheep landed in Rambouillet, France and quickly became a favorite. The sheep were slowly introduced into Germany after the 18th century. Sheep from Germany and France, now known as Rambouillet Sheep, then found there way to America in 1840. Since then the Rambouillet have become the backbone of the American sheep industry, particularly in the Western US.
Rambouillet vs. Merino
Rambouillet sheep and Merino sheep produce basically the same wool. Originating from the same genes, the Rambouillet and Merino sheep produce identical fibers, although the stock has physically changed to adapt to the American landscape. Companies call products that they make using Rambouillet sheep wool, Merino. In fact, it is so easily interchangeable, that you may not know that the Merino clothing you wear is actually Rambouillet!
Why we Choose to Use Rambouillet Wool
We take pride in American manufacturing. From the raw fiber to the processing, to the creation of fabric and finally sewing into garments, everything happens in America. At Appalatch, we primarily use domestically sourced fiber. Because Rambouillet sheep wool is domestic, versus Merino which is grown in New Zealand, Australia and China, we are partial to Rambouillet and think that it is even softer than Merino at the same Micron. Grace, our expert hand tester, (and co-founder, so there is probably some bias there) says so!
Clothing we Make with Rambouillet Sheep Wool
The wool that we use comes from Rambouillet sheep raised in the USA. Our T-shirts, Henleys and Sweaters are entirely American made products. From the Rambouillet wool to the final sewing (and even the thread, buttons and tags), our base layers are made in the USA.
Have I Told You Lately that I Love Wool?
We see it everywhere in the food industry – a return to whole and unprocessed foods, simpler seasonal diets, emphasis on organic and local farming, a rejection of ingredients whose names we cannot even pronounce. With so much attention paid to paleo and ancestral diets, one must wonder… is there a paleo wardrobe? Turns out that the story of wool and the story of humans has been interwoven over the past 9 to 11 thousand years. Sometimes it’s a shock to remember that fibers such as cotton and silk have only been globally available over the past couple hundred years, with their daily use being limited to those with the resources to pay for such extravagances. Over the past 50-60 years, synthetic, man-made materials like polyester, nylon, and rayon have become available and dominant in the clothing industry. If you turn the clock back 300 years, chances are that most of us would be hanging out in wool and linen.
So why did our ancestors domesticate sheep? Imagine this perfect little package of mobile meat, milk, and fibers that likes to live in groups and gets it’s food from the landscape. It’s no wonder that cultures all over the world have raised sheep and goats for so long! For them, the advantages of wearing wool far outweighed the drawbacks of the coarser (itchier) fibers that would have been encountered before advancements in husbandry that have led to the fine fibered flocks of today.
+ Wool is naturally antimicrobial. This means that the build of up odor causing bacteria, that occurs with cottons and especially in synthetic fibers, is not a problem when wearing wool. With wool garments and socks, you can go longer between washes without developing a stink – critical to those nomadic herders, modern day camping trips, or a long day at the office.
+ Wool is thermo regulating. Wool fibers have the ability to adjust to your body temperature, thus keeping you so very warm when you’re out and about on a cold day. What surprises most people is that wool is also comfortable when moving around and exercising in warm weather. The wool fiber has a hollow core which can draw moisture inside while still feeling dry on the outside (wool can absorb 30% of its own weight in moisture before feeling wet). After absorption the fibers release the moisture to an area of lower moisture concentration, i.e. away from the body. Through the process of osmosis wool is naturally moisture wicking.
+ Wool is flame retardant and can also be UV resistant. This helps with long walks in the sun and nights spent sleeping close to the fire. Wool is not only comfortable to wear, but it is also very comfortable to sleep on or under. In fact, wool comforters are a luxury that can be enjoyed all year long. Check out these guys if you are interested in some American made sleeping heaven.
+ Wool is strong and seems to last forever, yet it can biodegrade in your compost bin. In a laboratory test called a bend test, wool has shown its strength by bending up to 20,000 times without breaking while cotton rings in at 3,200 times. For a little more perspective, a pair of 3,000 year old wool pants were just discovered by archaeologists in western China.
+ Wool is a renewable resource. When proper grazing methods are observed, sheep farming can be extremely good for the environment, as it preserves grasslands and provides a source of carbon sequestration. Sheep can be shorn year after year and their wool simply grows back – it’s fantastic. No synthetic materials are required for the production of wool, just grass, sunshine, and rain.
Wool has been field tested and refined by the ultimate laboratory – evolution on the planet earth. Seeing as sheep have to spend their time outdoors, rain or shine, their fleeces have to handle varying weather conditions and temperatures. When a sheep gets wet, it doesn’t just get moldy and die, it dries off and keeps on eating. With human intervention, sheep have been bred to produce fine quality fiber that can be worn against the skin without discomfort. It is possible to spin the fiber until it is so fine it can go into a t-shirt, all while preserving the natural benefits that our ancestors have known about for thousands of years, which is exactly what we have done!
For all of the above reasons and many more, we love using wool to create Appalatch garments. We hope to continue spreading the wool gospel around the world!
Baby Alpaca Infinity Scarves
A good scarf ends up being your go to accessory, one of your best friends in the winter. We’ve also heard them referred to as a security blanket that you get to wear around your neck every day.
Whether best friend or security blanket (or both), there’s no denying that once you have found a favorite, you tend to treasure it. We love infinity scarves because they are simple and easy to wear – you don’t have to dip into the science of how to properly tie a scarf. With our alpaca scarf, you can either wrap the scarf 3 times for a tight and completely windproof approach, or 2 times if you want a looser drape in the front or something that can be worn off the shoulder.
We constructed these beautifies on the Stoll machine with a seed stitch, or moss stitch, pattern which gives the knit a lot of bounce and stretch. The yarn is made from 100% baby alpaca fleece, and my is it soft. Soft like you need to keep running your hands over it, rub your cheek on it, and cuddle with it before bed. Dare we forget to mention how warm it is! Alpaca is a hollow fiber, which means that air can get trapped in the core of each fiber and create a little tiny pocket of warmth – just what you need for a brisk walk in the cool morning air.
This alpaca is sourced from the Andean Cordillera in South America – and not the hallowed fields of the United States (like all of our other fibers up until this point). “Why?!”, screams the purist in all of us, “would Appalatch source from Peru?” The short answer is – we trust it, it’s extremely high quality, and we can’t find it anywhere else.
The long answer is that we tried to source this kind of alpaca yarn completely in the United States and we hit so many road blocks that we would have had to hire another full time employee to work them out, and even then we couldn’t guarantee that the yarn needed exists yet. Don’t get us wrong, we are working on it, and as soon as we can switch sourcing yarn for these products to a totally domestic source, we will. In fact, we have a box of raw alpaca fiber sitting in the office right now that we are working to develop into a beautiful yarn for knitting on the machines (it may take us 2 years to get there, but we are doing it).
The reason high quality baby alpaca is so hard to source in the United States is scarcity. Folks do farm alpaca in the States, but many of them farm these alpaca for pets rather than for their micron count. You might find a small farm with 30 alpaca and only 2-3 of them produce a fiber of the quality that you might wear around your neck. There are larger alpaca ranches to be sure, but we have found that their fibers are mostly funneled into the hand knitting biz and as of yet, they are not made for the machine knitting game. So, logically, if each farm has at least a little bit of fiber shouldn’t they all get together and pool their fine fiber and share the proceeds? Yes! Sometimes they actually do. They form alpaca fiber co-ops and together they make knitting yarn, socks, and other awesome alpaca products. These are the folks we have bought our raw alpaca fleece from.
The biggest problem we have encountered is that walking this alpaca through our existing wool supply chain is impossible because we are grouping 2 different animals whose fleeces are not usually spun together on the types of machines that make machine knitting yarn in the good old USA. At least, not yet anyway. We hope that the current demand for domestically sourced and spun alpaca continues so that we can easily attain such a product, but in the mean time we are turning to a responsible alpaca yarn maker in a country that has made farming feather fine alpaca fiber its business. We told you it was a long story!
So why Peru? Alpacas have been bred in South America for their fiber for thousands of years, and there is a large fiber industry in Peru based around processing, spinning, and making products with Alpaca yarn. Mills in Peru will sort all of the alpaca they process into the 22 different colors that alpaca fleece naturally grows in (a process not done in the states). This means that the beautiful whites, blacks, grays, and browns that you see in alpaca yarns are actually the color that that yarn grew in. Our gray alpaca scarf is made of un-dyed alpaca fiber! The alpaca we are using, in particular, comes through an organization that is helping farmers in rural areas to improve their herds fine fiber yield. This practice adds values to their herds and helps to ensure that their practices and heritage can continue to be handed down year after year, rather than being snuffed out and forgotten due to competition with finer synthetic fibers. For our part, we hope alpaca farming is NEVER supplanted by synthetic fibers. Alpaca is a totally renewable resource, and with proper farming techniques the grazing herds prevent desertification of grassland, which offer a natural source of carbon sequestration.
If you have any type of resource for domestic alpaca that we are just missing in our never ending quest, please feel free to email me at email@example.com!
Natural Dyes From the Garden
My house is, in the traditional mountain style, tucked on the western side of a steep mountain and nestled among some very large oak, sycamore, and pine trees. This means that while I do get beautiful sunsets that stream through the trees, I only get sunshine on the tiny patch of yard that isn’t completely covered in trees from 11AM, when the sun finally peeks over the mountain, and 2PM when we reach full shade again – absolutely terrible conditions for growing tomatoes. I eventually gave up gardening all together and steadfastly rely on the farmers market and my CSA for all local produce. It took several natural dye classes to realize that the seemingly barren woods around my house are actually an abundant garden full of natural dyes.
At the end of the summer we rush around collecting all the dye stuff from the woods and we also solicit neighbors with actual gardens for random plants that produce a myriad of color. Last summer it was black walnuts and marigolds, this summer it was black eyed susans and hopi amaranth. Both are native to North America, the hopi amaranth getting its name from its original cultivation by the southwestern Hopi. It produces the same amaranth that you might find at the grocery store, as well as a beautiful family of pink dyes.
I gathered up all the black eyes susans from my front yard and the amaranth from a friends garden, dusted off my dye pots, dusted off some old sweaters that desperately needed a new lease on life, and gave myself 2 nights to get the project done.
If you’re already proficient with natural dying at home, you’ll already know the process I am about to describe better than I do, I expect, but for everyone else I will go over it quickly to try to entice you into trying this yourself. If you are going to try this at home but you have no sweaters on hand, you can always check out Goodwill or make an investment in an Appalatch henley in natural – these shirts have have no dyes or chemicals added so they are perfect for dying!
- First, we mordanted our wool sweaters with alum. Mordants are mineral salts that help dyes bind to the fibers you are dying. There are many different kinds of mordants, but we used alum (potassium aluminum sulfate) because it is safe and easy to use.
- First we weighed the fiber while it was dry so that we knew how much alum to add.
- Wet the fiber in your first stainless steel dye pot (not to be used for cooking soup). You want the fibers to be completely wet in order to totally take up the mordant (you can even let them soak in water overnight). You’ll start the water out lukewarm and raise the temp gradually. Never bring the water to a boil and never stir too vigorously.
- Weigh out and dissolve the alum. Usually you will want 4 tablespoons of alum to 1 pound of fiber. Dissolve the alum in a little container of water, you can also add 1.5 tsp of cream of tartar to help the mordant absorb into the fiber.
- Add the mordant to the warm water with the sweaters in it and bring to a simmer. Let simmer for 1 hour and then let the dye bath cool down. You can let it sit overnight again.
- Once your mordanted fibers are ready to go, you’ll use a separate stainless steel pot to soak your plants in plenty of water and bring the temperature up to being quite warm but not boiling. We had one pot going with the black eyed susans and one going with the amaranth. Gently squeeze (don’t twist) the sweaters so that the extra water drains out and then add them to the pot with the dye plants.
- Check your fibers after 15 minutes and add more dye plants if you need to.
- After they have been sitting for a bit and have reached a good color, take the sweaters out and rinse them in water that starts out cool and moves to hot.
- Lay the sweater out on a towel and gently reshape. Roll this towel up like a yoga mat and use your hands of knees to push out extra water into the towel. Unroll the towel and transfer the sweater to a fresh dry towel to reshape and then leave it flat to dry.
This process is meant for protein fibers only. This means any yarn or sweater that is made from an animal fiber like wool, silk, cashmere, angora, alpaca, llama, camel.. you name it. If it can breathe and you can extract a fiber from it, its a protein. This process will not work for synthetics such as polyester or any cellulose yarn or fabric, so don’t bother throwing in any cotton, modal, tencel, linen… basically any fibers that come from plants.
Other great plants you might find useful for dying and that may also grow in your area are wode, madder, chamomile, dandelion, goldenrod, coriopsis, rhododendron, weld, carrot tops, queen annes lace, corn stalks, onion skins, black walnuts, lemon balm, and marigolds. This handful of plants is a fraction of what’s available to dye with, but are those that I pay attention to because a lot of this stuff seems to be growing everywhere around here! There are so many natural dye practices that are about 100 times more advanced than the ones I have described here, but this isn’t a bad place to start.
This labor intensive process reminds us of how hard it is to introduce a natural dye practice into a commercial setting, though we find that the inspiration from the beautiful colors that can be achieved are enough to encourage us to keep trying.
Let me know your own experiences with natural dyes or any suggestions to help me up my game next year! I look forward to hearing from you, firstname.lastname@example.org.
We have been dreaming and scheming for just over a year to try to introduce some naturally dyed goodies to the collection. We have been working with Botanical Colors from the very start to find just the right plant to pair with our Rambouillet wool, and indigo turned out to be the ticket.
It seems like indigo is everywhere these days, and it’s easy to understand why; the indigo blue is intoxicating. The indescribable indigo blue color pushed us to take the plunge into the world of botanical dyes above all else. Introducing a naturally dyed garment is a risk in some ways because one must expect more of an unpredictable result than when working with synthetic dyes. Another large barrier to launching a naturally dyed product is finding someone willing to attempt such a feat – most dyers are set up for only synthetic dyes and switching between synthetic and natural pigments in an industrial dye machine is a little bit like trying to breathe water. Thankfully, we found Kathy Hattori, someone willing to walk down this uncertain road with us.
Kathy Hattori is the mastermind behind Botanical Colors, a Seattle based company that is leaving its mark on the world in the form of beautiful and botanically dyed textiles. Each shirt has been lovingly hand dipped into an indigo dye vat, by Kathy, until it achieves the deep blue of a night sky. Getting indigo to the point where it will attach to wool fibers is something of an art, as Kathy describes “Indigo is very different from other plant dyes as it requires additional steps to make the blue pigment available to attach to fibers. Every dyer has a special indigo recipe and ritual. Some use banana peels and lime to create the vats and others use long fermentation methods or quicker chemical additions.” This process takes a long time to perfect, and even more skill and expertise to achieve a uniform color among all pieces with minimum losses. Kathy says, “…once the vat is ready and the dipping begins, everyone succumbs to the enchantment of watching the dyed fabric turn from yellow to green to rich, deep blue.”
We love using wool because of its longevity, luster, performance, and its luxury. On top of that, wool is a sustainable and naturally renewable resource. All of the same can be said for indigo. Indigo, or indigofera tinctoria is a legume that can be grown easily (in the right climates) and harvested at least twice a year. It is also a nitrogen fixer which promotes rebuilding of soil. This amazing plant provides the world with a beautiful dye, helps soil quality, and is a renewable source of carbon sequestration – how can you go wrong? Well, sometimes indigo dyed goods will rub off blue on lighter colored garments or leathers, so there is a trade off. You’ll want to be aware of how you wash these t-shirts (minimum agitation, cold water, like colors) and for the first several months of wearing these indigo beauties you’ll have to be conscious of pairing your tees with like colors, but frankly, we think it’s worth it.
The indigo henleys and t-shirts available now were made in an extremely limited batch. We hope to be able to introduce more naturally dyed products and hopefully more indigo! To shop the indigo items that are available now, click here.
The Cold Mountain Cape
It has been a challenge to keep the cape a secret over the last few months of design and production. This piece is classic and fashionable, structured but cozy…it’s the epitome of effortless style but still at home in the outdoors. The cape is a definite jewel in the Appalatch crown.
Named for the famous Cold Mountain in North Carolina, a stunning and well-preserved wilderness area in the Appalachian Mountains, this piece is designed to withstand the test of time and remain a true blue friend for a lifetime. The Cold Mountain Cape is made of domestic wool that has been woven into fabric by Woolrich in the USA and constructed by hand in a worker owned sewing cooperative in NC. Designed by our Co Founder, Grace Gouin, this cape has the look of a poncho with a lot less bulk and a lot more grace…
Available in 2 color ways, this cape can be styled in a multitude of different ways and is also a functional garment that will keep you warm even in cold, mountain winds. We created these in a very limited batch, so get one while the gettin’s good! They won’t be around for long. Shop now!
Home Ec: Using Sweater Stones
To round out our mini series on garment care, allow me to present the amazingly low-tech Sweater Stone. It doesn’t require batteries and it doesn’t have to be cleaned or maintained…at all. It’s like music to my ears; we can all breathe a collective sigh of relief. Not to mention that it WORKS, really well, actually. If you hate pilling as much as I do then you may want to pause reading and purchase one of these. I hear Sweater Stones make great stocking stuffers…
Anyway, Pills, those pesky balls of fiber that form on knitwear, are an inevitable side effect of a well-worn knit but they don’t have to send your sweaters into retirement. Using a sweater stone is a quick and easy way to remove pills from your knitwear so that you can keep favorites in rotation and prolong the life of clothing.
This simple to use, pumice like stone only requires that you gently brush the stone over the problem area and watch as those nasty little pills accumulate. That’s it. The stones broken cells sever filaments that hold pills to garments thus restoring the texture of the fabric. Another great thing about these particular sweater stones is that they have been made in the Seattle area for the last 27 years and employ the functionally disabled in the process.
A Sweater Stone is a great way to breathe new life into tired knits, save money on clothes & dry cleaning, while also supporting a great American company. For Appalatch sweaters, we recommend the annual use of a sweater stone to maintain the look and feel of the garment. After all, they are made to last a lifetime but require some TLC to keep up appearances.
American Made Style Finalist
We are so honored to have been selected as a finalist in the Style category for Martha Stewart’s American Made competition. Grace is particularly overjoyed, as Martha is one of her all time heroes and she swoons at the thought of meeting her face to face. This competition is great because it spotlights the maker, supports the local, and celebrates the handmade.
This event brings attention to the skilled craftspeople, artisans, and innovators that drive local economies and create beautiful and inspiring goods. What an awesome way to show American that there are still so many talented folks making quality, useful products in the USA. Winners of this competition will receive $10,000 to grow their businesses, a trip to NYC, not to mention incredible exposure throughout the Martha Stewart Living network. Needless to say, the money and press could do wonders for Appalatch. Our mission is to upend the clothing industry and prove that apparel can be made in the US without compromising ethics, quality, or the environment. Being a winner of the American Made competition could help us reach so many people that are open to better alternatives.
Please consider helping us by lending your votes! The last day of voting is October 17th and you can vote 6 times each day until then. That is a lot of time and a lot of votes, but every little bit counts. We all so appreciate your help and continued support of Appalatch as we grow and push forward. Thank you!
Home Ec: To Dry or Not to Dry Clothes
Generally speaking, machine drying isn’t very good for the life of clothing. The heat and tumbling breakdown garment construction, speed fabric deterioration, and cause shrinkage. It’s a pretty intense process to subject your clothes to every week or so. It also can get expensive when you add up the cost of electricity, the cost of drying products, and the shortened lifespan of garments. That being said, sometimes it’s unavoidable. Those clothes need to get dry and fast! Even if you’ve made the switch to air-drying there are still items that need to be fluffed to soften the crinkles once dry. Is it even possible to quit the dryer cold turkey? For most people, I don’t think so. The age-old question may be made easier with this laundry hack: wool dryer balls! Being skeptical of adding any additional items or processes to my routine I questioned even adding these little buddies to the laundry party guest list. Since the initial misgivings, I have had time to repent and in return have received a new, steadfast friend. One that softens my clothes and saves me money, woo hoo.
For whatever degree of dryer usage you partake in, wool dryer balls can be quite beneficial. These handy balls are made of felted wool and are intended to fluff the laundry while in the dryer. The fluffing action cuts down on drying time by better circulating air throughout the clothes and also helps with wrinkles for the same reason. These woolen balls are all natural and eliminate the need for chemical laden dryer sheets and softeners. Plus, they are reusable for years, saving you money and waste from the landfill. For Appalatch garments (that are dryer safe), we highly recommend using dryer balls if you must dry in a dryer. The tumbling will be lessened and the drying time shortened thus wear and tear is decreased. We really like Echoview Fiber Mill’s hand made dryer balls because they are made from wool scraps that are braided and felted together. This process is awesome because it turns “waste” into something useful and ensures a well-made product that will last. Also, we’re lucky enough to be sheltered in the Echoview Mill and can contribute our own wool scraps from knitting to their inventory for the making of future dryer balls; waste not, want not!
Home Ec: Soap Nuts and Other Alternative Detergents
Being like minded people here at Appalatch we often try to question the logic of common practices; one of those being how we wash our clothes and what we use to do so. The majority of us are accustomed to the weekly practice of filling our washing machines with water and detergent, liquid or powder, and finding clean clothes when the buzzer sounds. It’s so commonplace that for years I never gave a thought to what was in the detergent I used, be it natural or not, how it was packaged or what the repercussions were of my use of the product.
As our initial inter-office conversations about proper laundering have evolved, we have all become aware of the impractical nature of traditional laundry soaps. These products are very heavy, are generally packaged in plastic, and in the case of liquid detergents, contain upwards of 80% water. So with these purchases we are paying for water, creating more waste for landfills, and/or broadening the carbon footprint with shipping
There are many options available for laundering clothes that are safe for clothing and effective at cleaning; they just aren’t necessarily the best for allergy sufferers, your wallet, or the environment. Cue our newfound love and complete adoption of Shecology Golden Soap Nuts and Laundry Pills. Soap Nuts aren’t actually nuts they are empty seed pods harvested from the ‘Soapberry’ tree native to Northern India and Southern Nepal. This plant is a natural surfactant because of its high saponin content. This means that when the saponin is introduced to water, a foamy soap like substance is formed that naturally eliminates dirt and odors.
Throwing a sack of wrinkled seedpods into the wash isn’t all that unusual for a bunch of pseudo hippies in Asheville, however I understand how it must look to the outside world. You’re going to have to trust us on this though,we wouldn’t recommend them if they didn’t work. In fact, soap nuts are organic, non-toxic, hypoallergenic, and antibacterial. Plus, there are so many other ways the nuts can be used as a liquid all-purpose cleaner. Mari Fox, our soap nut expert and the mastermind behind Shecology, has created a handy recipe for a concentrated liquid that can clean everything from floors to veggies. Check it out here.
If soap nuts still seem too strange, Shecology has created an elegant solution called a Laundry Pill. The pills contain ground soap nuts plus a bit of citric acid (for a cleaning boost). The pills can be dropped straight into the wash and work just as well as the nuts!
**It can officially be said that everyone at Appalatch has thoroughly vetted the Soap Nuts with dirty challenges ranging from dank dog towels to soiled cloth diapers (contributed by the most adorable 2 year old we know).
If soap nuts aren’t your bag, consider making your own detergent using common ingredients from the grocery store. Until switching to soap nuts, I used the following recipe for years, with great success. I do plan to move away from the homemade stuff, as the Soap Nuts are cheaper, just as effective, and have a limited impact on the environment.
Homemade Laundry Powder
4 Cups Borax
4 Cups Washing Soda
2 Cups Baking Soda
~16 oz. of soap (usually 2 bars. 1 stain fighting bar like lye, and 1 natural soap of your choice. Ex. Dr. Bronner’s)
Essential Oil (if you would like to add a scent)
Chop the bars of soap into eighths and toss them into the food processor. This will create tiny fragments of soap that can easily be mixed into the powders. Combine all ingredients in a large bowl and add chopped soap. Store in an airtight container.
Use 1-2 tablespoons per load. Recipe yields ~80 washes.
Inhaling Borax and washing soda is not recommended so be cautious not to create huge clouds of it and/or cover your face/mouth with a bandana. If your skin is easily irritated, avoid direct contact with the ingredients by wearing gloves.
The choice of bar soap is important. If you are attempting to make an all-natural laundry soap be wary of the bars you choose. The ingredients and fragrances can be tricky.
For some, Borax is a controversial ingredient. The research I have conducted has led me to believe that Borax is safe and only harmful if consumed by humans in large quantities. I recommend that you come to your own conclusions if there are concerns.
Care Instructions + Thoughts On Washing Clothes
In this day and age, garment care has become something of a mystery that happens below the gleaming white lid of the washing machine and behind the closed door of the dryer. Dirty clothes go in, clean clothes come out. But what happens with those items that don’t seem like they should just be tossed in the washer? You know the ones… cashmere socks you got for christmas from your grandma, wool clothes, or anything with that dreaded “dry clean only” label. We think about garment care a lot and we receive a lot of inquiries about how to best care for our clothes, so we thought we would share our thoughts and delve into the subject with gusto.
Appalatch products are made from high quality wool and cotton and are meant to stick by you for the long haul. That being said, it will require several conversations to really dig into this multi faceted topic. Excuse us if we sound a little too excited, but we really do think of it as skill building to extend the life of clothing, save money, and take a load off Mother Earth.
Follow along with us for a three part series (for now) about garment care to learn the ins and outs of washing clothes.
To begin, take a look at our recommendations for washing Appalatch clothing and other fine wool garments. Later we will explain the whys and hows.
Stay tuned for a more detailed look at laundering, drying, and longterm care of your clothes. We will also be making some of the items we discuss available for sale on the website, so if you want to upgrade your laundering game, you can.
Greetings from Germany and Stoll!
Well, we made it over here and through our first week of knitting classes! Thanks to all the folks who pre-ordered custom fit sweaters and other goodies through the kickstarter campaign, we are going to be the proud parents of a Stoll knitting machine! In order to prevent ourselves from breaking it on the first day we have to learn all about it over here at the Stoll headquarters in Reutlingen, Germany.
So far, classes have consisted of learning all the different knit structures on hand powered knitting machines! For me this is more or less a total delight! For Mariano, it’s a special kind of hell that has him more than ready to move onto the computerized knitting machines. Needless to say, we have a good laugh about 4 times a day and have been dubbed “Team America” by our teacher and classmates. After a rigorous morning of knitting, Mariano has decided that knitting could actually be an Olympic sport.
We are fortunate enough to be able to stay with some friends while we are here in a small village called Dettenhausen located about 20 kilometers away from Stoll, which means loads and loads of public transportation to and from classes every day. While riding trains and busses is an experience of its own (one we don’t get much of in the mountains of North Carolina), walking around the towns and villages has been a special treat. The prettiest place we have been to so far is an awesome little city called Tubingen.
Without further adieu (and because I need to get to bed) here are some more photos from our travels!
It’s hard to fathom people living and working in spaces like these without stopping to freak out every day about how beautiful and picturesque everything is, but it’s amazing what you can get used to. The smoke pouring from chimneys and the graffiti we see everywhere are constant reminders that people actually live here.
Also, email email@example.com if you want a post card all the way from Germany!
Happy as a pig in… our wool sweater!
I know, not exactly the most detailed photo of the sweater, but when our male model revealed that he had his pet pig, Messy, in the next room… I could’t pass up the chance to meet her. She sauntered in, as cool as can be, Tim scooped her up in his arms and the moment was immortalized by this amazing photograph. Can’t you just feel the love? The paternal pride? I don’t think one of our sweaters has ever looked so good.
Now officially off preorder, our men’s and women’s shawl collar sweaters are ready to be introduced to whatever interesting pets you might have at home. If you capture any moments like this one PLEASE share. Cute animals are the best part of my job.
Here are a few other shots from that evening, taken by the talented Anna Maynard, of the amazing sweaters and bags. If you want them on your Christmas list, drop a not so subtle hint to whomever you want that they should order by Friday! They are all available here.
The leather for the backpack comes from Wickett & Craig, it’s all vegetable tanned and made in the USA. The handbag’s leather comes from Horween Leather, also vegetable tanned but hailing from Chicago. Both companies produce some of the finest leather in the country.
A note on the hat that Tim is wearing… I knit it using wool yarn that I dyed using marigolds I grew this summer and osage orange wood chips – together they gave it that rich golden color.
Alex’s outfit is made up of our women’s shawl collar sweater with a vintage shearling hat, vintage Frye boots, and a skirt I made from amazing 100% organic and color grown cotton that has been superbly woven. Color grown cotton means that the brown color and the natural color you see in the skirt are both the color that the cotton is grown in the field, with no added dyes.
That’s all for now, we hope everyone has a wonderful holiday and a really spectacular new year!
Kickstarter Campaign for 3D Printed Sweaters Made in America
We want to share what we’ve been working on in hopes that you’ll share it with your friends! It’s our Kickstarter Campaign to make Custom Fit, Ethically Made Sweaters in America…
In a nutshell, Appalatch is an outdoor apparel company located in Asheville NC, with a plan to make the world’s first custom fit sweater program for the masses. We are striving to make super gorgeous, really high quality, custom fit sweaters using totally domestic fibers and labor. We already offer a small array of domestically made and mountain inspired goods here on our website, but we want to spread our wings.
Here’s the video:
What makes Appalatch different?
- Our sweaters and other products attract people because they are ultra classic and very high quality. People love wool sweaters this time of year! We design for both women and men with one eye on performance and the other on timeless design. The result has been a unique hybrid that attracts people who are simply obsessed with wool for its performance attributes, and others who simply have an eye for quality and style.
- Ethics and sustainability are the back bone of all decisions we make when it comes to manufacturing. Our custom fit sweater program will help us further this mission. For example, we will be able to drastically reduce waste. 20-30% of fabric is thrown away in typical manufacturing. 3D printing sweaters means virtually zero waste.
- Our story is entirely domestic, everything we offer is entirely made in the USA. Clothing that is made in America is increasingly sought after, yet the brands who are 100% committed to this on all levels are few and far between. We are working to rebuild the textile manufacturing industry at home, one sweater at a time!
We are working to help reshape the future of the apparel industry, and we hope that you can help us spread the word!!!
Inappropriately obsessed with wool sweaters.
Too warm for a wool sweater? I think not.
It’s May in the mountains, the weather is warming up, many spring flowers have come and gone, trees have put out their shockingly green leaves, and yet… I am still inappropriately obsessed with wool sweaters.
Since our production for fall happens all through the summer, we will be working with sweaters even in the hot months, so I guess it’s natural that I would be consumed by sweaters a little bit… but I’m talking about something deeper. For me, thinking about sweaters doesn’t stop when I leave work: I’m currently knitting one sweater, I just got some new yarn in the mail, and I have three sweater knitting projects in the wings that might get done for fall if I knit diligently through the summer.
A good wool sweater is like a puppy! (You have to take care of it.)
I feel a pang of regret when I think about packing away my sweaters for the summer, though I know it’s all worth it when next fall comes and I can greet them like old friends. Speaking of which, heres a link to a great little article, How to Clean and Care for a Wool Sweater, from Real Simple with tips to help give your sweaters a proper send off until next fall.
And, if you love the Cool Sweater print by Jaques Maes above as much as I do, you can get your own through sociey6.com.
Ethical fashion, how can we make it better?
Have you ever gotten a hole in a sweater and experimentally pulled on one of the threads sticking out? What was a tiny hole quickly becomes a massive hole. This is how I feel about the apparel industry. The problem – apparel needs to be more sustainable = little whole in the sweater. Trying to figure out how to fix it = unraveling the whole damn thing. Keep pulling at that sucker and pretty soon you are better off knitting a whole new sweater rather than trying to fix the whole you just made. However, it’s not enough to make your new sweater out of green yarn. If you want to make truly ethical fashion, you need to look further back than fabric. You need to look at who is making your clothing and ask, is their life sustainable?
Its a big, big world
When only 2% of the clothing that is bought in America is actually made in America it’s no wonder that most of us have absolutely no idea where on Earth our clothing is coming from. Sure, we can find a label that says it’s country of origin but chances are that the country is half way across the world, and chances are you won’t be going there, and even if you did are you going to scope out the conditions in the garment factories, and if you tried, would they even let you in? The truth is, for almost all Americans, the question of who/what/where behind our clothing is a complete mystery. Does leaving it up to our imaginations make the clothing sexier? Or is exposing the horrific conditions behind much of the worlds apparel manufacturing sort of like playing a recording of a pig squealing while somebody is trying to enjoy a BLT? If the response to the recent factory collapse in Bangladesh, which killed more than 800 people, is an indicator I’m willing to guess it’s the latter.
Working with Opportunity Threads to make ethical fashion
For our lines, domestic manufacturing has always been a given. After looking over our domestic CMT (cut, make, trim) options we decided to work with a group, located only an hour away from us, called Opportunity Threads. We made this decision not only because we knew they can make really high quality clothing, but also because of the vision of their company. They are a co-op – a worker owned cut and sew facility. I didn’t even know that this type of operation could exist in the apparel industry! Beyond having a safe and happy working environment where they make fair wages for their outstanding work, employees at opportunity threads are able to become worker-owners who make decisions together about their owen working environment. You can visit their website for more information and to get a sense of how bright the future of American manufacturing in the textile industry can be with Opportunity Threads as a model. It’s a beautiful thing.
Time for show and tell
With a global audience witnessing tragedy after tragedy at sewing factories we are starting to really see a blood price for fast-fashion. It doesn’t make sense that somebody is risking their lives day after day to make a cheap tank top, especially when alternatives exist! These alternatives only exist if brands are willing to make the change to manufacturing ethical fashion in a safe environment, and consumers can encourage that change by increasing their demand for ethical fashion. As a brand we can choose to work with people like Opportunity Threads, source our materials responsibly, cut down our carbon footprint, but the reality is that consumers need to get involved too. We need to pull back this veil thats been placed over the workers behind our clothing voluntarily, rather than having it ripped away after a fire or a factory collapse. Maybe it’s not as sexy to reveal the process behind the product, but if we want to reinvent the way clothing is made as a more ethical process, I think it’s a really good place to start.
Think you’ve got a wool allergy?
Are you allergic to wool?
Before we delve into all of the amazing properties of wool, there is one elephant in the room that needs to be addressed: wool allergies. Often when we describe our wool products to folks, we get a similar response — an apologetic and slightly uncomfortable smile and they say, “I’m allergic to wool” This got us wondering, how many people are really allergic to wool?
According to large scale allergy studies conducted at the Mass General Hospital, about 6% of people that came in for allergy testing actually were allergic to wool…. A much smaller number than people expect! In general, people who think they are allergic to wool are not allergic at all! It’s that the wool clothing they wear is very coarse and pricks people’s skin, making them itch.
Grades of Wool
Wool fibers are not that different from human hair, but a they have a lot more scales. Like human hair, there is a lot of variety in the different types of sheep wool. It turns out that the breed and the climate a sheep is raised in affects the coarseness of their fibers (thicker fibers being common to sheep from cooler climates). This thickness is tested by measuring the micron of the wool. The higher the micron number, the itchier the wool. Micron counts in wool have a wide range, the fine range being anywhere from 15-19 microns, that most people would be agree is comfortable to wear against the skin. Our next to skin base layers use 18.5 micron wool from Rambouillet sheep, so fine you wouldn’t even know you were wearing wool.
A true allergy
There are, however, things that are found hanging onto the wool fibers that can irritate your skin. Vegetable matter gets caught on the fleeces of the sheep as they roam around and is not always completely removed during the processing of the wool. So if you are allergic to grass, you may experience a reaction to wool where much of the “veg” has not been removed. Some wool is processed through acid baths to remove the “veg” matter, which can bother you if you are chemically sensitive. Then there are those who are really, truly, totally allergic to lanolin. Lanolin is the oil that sheep produce naturally to keep their skin soft and supple. Most lanolin is removed from the wool during processing and actually sold to the cosmetics industry because it makes human skin soft and supple. We met a sheep shearer who told us his hands were so soft he could not twist off a beer cap! Remarkably, people with this lanolin allergy don’t usually experience itching but rather get a severe rash. So unless this is the type of reaction you are experiencing, chances are you are just dealing with itchy wool that is causing an uncomfortable but harmless prickle.
For some people, hearing this is not enough to dispel their memories of that horrible sweater they tried on, and so we have another idea. We have a sample program where you an request your own swatch of 5×5″ wool fabric (reclaimed from our cutting waste) so that you can test it out. Just fill out the form below and we will send you a sample!
Pleased to Meet You
Appalatch was born about a year ago when two like-minded people met and said “it’s time for a change”. We are two very different people, with different backgrounds, which we will tell you about, but we have a similar goal, which we would also like to tell you about. In fact, we have lots and lots we would like to tell you about but I’ll start with the basics:
We make wool clothing for indoor and outdoor use. We make it in America. We do this to help change the clothing industry into something we are proud of. We pick our materials, our manufacturers, and our methods very carefully so that we produce the highest quality clothes while ensuring that people and the environment aren’t hurt in the process.. We whole heartedly embrace the North Carolina state motto “To be, rather than to seem”.
And now, after all of this work, we are ready to share what we are learning about sheep, garment care, manufacturing, the triumphs and woes of the apparel industry, fiber, sustainability, textile art, economic development, slow food and how it related to slow fashion, awesome co-operative manufacturing models, archaeology, underwater basket weaving… and I can’t promise I won’t be slipping in pictures of cats and dogs, because I love them too.
So hang tight and follow along because we are learning so many cool things, and as Mariano will tell you, I have a problem with over-sharing.
Pleased to meet you,